U.S. Agency for International Development

Program Areas

The USAID-Inma Agribusiness Program conducts activities in the following areas to increase competitiveness in Iraqi agriculture.

Livestock-Protein Cluster

Iraqi shepherd boy tends his sheepA primary goal of the USAID-Inma Livestock–Protein team is to teach beneficiaries how to use technical, financial and market information to make beneficial and profitable business decisions, as well as how to identify and pursue profitable agricultural market opportunities. Within this value chain, the Livestock-Protein team addresses the critical inputs of feed (animal procurement, veterinary requirements, forage, protein concentrate feed), management and laboratory services (veterinary laboratories for animal health and feed analysis laboratories). The objective of the USAID-Inma Livestock–Protein team is to work closely with the protein cluster participants to ensure business sustainability under Iraqi conditions. More specifically, the team works to further strengthen the sustainability and competitiveness of the sector.

Like other value chains in Iraq, the command and control state structures drove agricultural production for the past 30 years and largely disintegrated through the recent period of civil conflict. Livestock producers previously only needed to be responsive to state provision of inputs and bulk purchasing with only minor local retail markets – primarily in live animals. The majority of frozen meat in the markets was imported chickens from the United States and Brazil. With the closing of state-run abattoirs, the bulk demand for livestock (much of which had been imported) essentially ended.

In order to move from a state driven to a market driven economy, USAID-Inma has established the structure for a vital network of livestock and protein related enterprises to create a functional commercial value chain. Developing the Livestock-Protein Value Chain is critical to addressing nutritional deficiencies in the Iraqi population.

See related Livestock-Protein Activities.

Horticulture Cluster

Iraqi farmer tills his landThe goal of the USAID-Inma horticulture team is to strengthen the sustainability and competi-tiveness of the agricultural private sector while increasing rural income and employment in Iraq.

This will be accomplished by increasing crop diversity, improving productivity and value chain integration of the rural population, while providing Iraq with a more diversified, affordable and nutritional diet while contributing to food security.

See related Horticulture Activities.

Business Development Services

The goal of USAID-Inma’s Business Develop-ment / Cross-Cutting Services (BDS) team is to create sector-wide opportunities for efficiencies and sustainability. This is done through addressing the management needs of individual enterprises and associations, as well as establishing networks for sharing lessons learned and collective action.

The business development services and cross cutting issues team supports the horticulture and livestock-protein teams with business development and management services, economic and policy analysis, and workshops, conferences and roundtables. The goal of USAID-Inma’s BDS activities is to introduce and transfer the skills needed to successfully run a profitable and sustainable agribusiness and association in Iraq and to work with the MoA to establish the enabling environment for growth in the agricultural sector.

See related Business Development Activities.